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The Tithe War (Irish: Cogadh na nDeachúna) was a campaign of nonviolent civil disobedience, punctuated by sporadic violent episodes, in Ireland between 1830 and 1836 in reaction to the enforcement of tithes on subsistence farmers and others for the upkeep of the established state church – the Church of Ireland. Tithes were payable in cash or kind and payment was compulsory, irrespective of an individual’s religious adherence.

On 18 December 1834, the conflict came to a head at Rathcormac, County Cork, when armed Constabulary reinforced by the regular British Army killed twelve and wounded forty-two during several hours of fighting when trying to enforce a tithe order reputedly to the value of 40 shillings.[7][8]

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In memory of the Tithe Massacre at the nearby farmyard of the widow Johanna Ryan, Ballinakilla, Gortroe (now Bartlemy) on the 18th December 1834.  In this final battle of the Tithe War nine people were killed instantly and forty-five wounded in consequence of which three died later.  Erected as a testament to an heroic stand by an unarmed people and as a memorial to these fallen twelve:

Michael Barry; Michael Collins; Michael Lane; William Ambrose

William Cashman; Patrick Curtin; Richard Ryan; John Cotter

John Collins: John Daly; William Twomey; Willian Ivis

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The distraining party was met at Bartlemy, a crossroads hamlet, by a military escort. This comprised 12 mounted troops of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards under Major Waller; two companies (100 men) of the 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment of Foot under Lieutenant Tait; and “a very small party” of the Irish Constabulary under Captain Pepper. A crowd of 250 locals began pelting the party with stones before retreating to the plot of Widow Ryan where a barricade had been built. Ryan owed 40 shillings in arrears and the party advanced to collect either the money or produce of equal value. The Riot Act was read and the soldiers advanced, but were beaten back by “spades sticks and stones” and sustained injuries for 45 minutes. Waller ordered them to open fire. Nine were killed at the scene and 45 injured. None of the distraining party or escort were killed, though many were injured by rocks, cudgels and pikes. The crowd dispersed and Ryan paid her tithe.

 

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Which way to Enfield?  Left.  No….it’s Right.  Left, I say.  No….It’s Right!

Visitor Tip: If you are visiting Ireland, make sure you have a map: a real, old-fashioned map, and know how to use it!  Signs are not always accurate, and GPS (no matter how smart) doesn’t know all the roads (especially boreens).

Co. Kildare : road signs

Co. Kildare : road signs

 

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Original detailed print at: Wiki Commons

taken from: Steve Edwards’ website
Mysteries of the Irish House

Taps (faucets)
The bathroom taps are separate, hot on the left and cold on the right. It’s awkward if you just want to wash your hands, or splash your face with warm water. You have to be clever — or work harder…. It would be easy to send both hot and cold through the same tap — to mix them after they pass through the valves. They do that in the kitchen. Why not in the bathroom? Tradition, nothing more.*

Light-switches
• The lightswitches are “on” when the button is pressed bottom-side in.
• If a set of two light-switches are placed on a panel outside a room, the switch furthest from the room usually works for that room’s light.
• A lightswitch outside of a bathroom seems like a bad idea. Sure, it’s easier — for everybody, including the mischievous.

Doors
• Door handles are rather sharp levers, which can easily stick into the pocket of upper-body wear and catch in one’s cuff. They look good, and they open a door with an easy downstroke. But they are hazardous to clothing.
• Internal doors are still built with skeleton-key locks.

Shower
It seems that few Irish houses have a good shower. Of the older houses, none were fitted with anything like a normal water heater. The Irish counterpart is the old “immersion,” and these are common. An immersion is an electric water heater that you have to turn on, a while before use — and of course remember to turn off afterwards. The alternative is the electric shower heater, which heats on demand. They’re loud, sometimes hard to adjust, and the temperature can fluctuate.

And nowhere on this side of the Atlantic have I experience real water-pressure such as you’d find in America.

Skirting (baseboards)
The skirting* at the base of a wall in the Irish house is normally applied as part of the general construction, before the upper flooring surface is placed.

In many cultures, a principal function of skirting is to close the gap where flooring does not reach the wall.

Whether linoleum, laminate, or proper wood, the surface of a floor will inevitably come slightly short of the wall. A great craftsman can make the difference negligible — but cannot prevent it. An average craftsman will leave a gap that you can measure. This gap, whether considered hygienically or esthetically, is unattractive.

When a skirting is already in place, and flush with the concrete or wooden base-floor, there are two options for this gap — you can live with it, or place another molded wooden strip along the edge. This wooden strip, or “beading,” performs one of the functions for which, elsewhere, skirting is intended.

(Check his site)

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* I did a bit of work in Irish houses for several years, before the economy collapsed and construction stopped. In the normal residence built in the last few years, the taps in the bathroom are separated cold and hot, even though the kitchen fittings mix the two inputs before output.

Some defend this kind of outfitting with a kind of “why-don’t-you-just” logic, which presumes (in a mind-numbingly conservative fashion) that if you can make it work it’s as good as it needs to be. Fill the sink, they say, if you need warm water.

Of course, that implies the need to keep the bowl of the sink abnormally clean — an extra amount of work just to remain prepared to do the extra work** of plugging the thing and filling it (*if* you even still have a plug.)

And, yes, if you normally wash your hands after using the toilet, the sink becomes quickly too soiled to use as a washing/shaving basin.

The practice of installing such fixtures is illogical and based only upon tradition.

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** I’ve only ever lived with one Irish man who did housework. He turned out to be a prick. I’ve liked every other one of my Irish housemates — but the men generally do not do housework.

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